Josef Perner – Publications


Complete list of publications (PDF)

Recent publications

In press

  • Schurz, M., Kronbichler, M., Weissengruber, S., Surtees, A., & Perner, J. (in press). Avatars and arrows in the brain: Which question are we asking? NeuroImage. [Download article]
  • Tholen, M. G., & Perner, J. (in press). Kognitive und neuronale Grundlagen des Identitätsbewusstseins. In F. Gmainer-Pranzl & B. Mackinger (Eds.), Identitäten – Zumutungen für Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft (Salzburger interdisziplinäre Diskurse, Bd. 9). Frankfurt a.M., Germany: Peter Lang Verlag.


  • Priewasser,B., Rafetseder, E., Gargitter, C. & Perner J. (2018). Helping as an early indicator of a theory of mind: Mentalism or Teleology? Cognitive Development, 46, 69-78.
    Special issue on replication of infant false belief studies. [Download article]
  • Schuwerk, T., Priewasser, B., Sodian, B. & Perner J. (2018). The Generalizability and Robustness of Spontaneous False Belief Tests. A Replication Attempt. Royal Society Open Science, 5(5), 172273. [Download article]
  • Perner, J., Priewasser, B., & Roessler, J. (2018). The Practical Other: Teleology and its development. Interdisciplinary Science Reviews. 43 (2), 99-114.
    Special issue for “The Fascination with the Unknown: The Other,“ contributions from an international symposium under the tutelage of the “Junge Akademie an der Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akademie der Wissenschaften und der nationalen Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina,” in Leipzig, 28-29 October 2016. [Download article]
  • Rafetseder, E. & Perner, J. (2018). Belief and Counterfactuality: A teleological theory of belief attribution. Zeitschrift für Psychologie. 226(2), 110–121.
    Special issue: “Theory of mind across the lifespan,” edited by Daniel Bernstein. [Download article]
  • Huemer, M., Leahy, B. & Perner, J. (2018). Mental Files Theory of Mind: When do children consider agents acquainted with different identities of an object? Cognition. 171, 122-129. [Download article]


  • Schmid, B., Karg, K., Perner, J., & Tomasello, M. (2017). Great apes are sensitive to prior reliability of an informant in a gaze following task. PlosOne, 12(11), e0187451. [Download article]
  • Schurz, M., Tholen, M., Perner, J., Mars, R., & Sallet, J. (2017). Specifying the brain anatomy underlying temporo-parietal junction activations for theory of mind: A review with probabilistic atlases from different imaging modalities. Human Brain Mapping. 38 (9), 4788–4805.  DOI: 10.1002/hbm.23675 [Download article]
  • Kloo, D., Rohwer, M., & Perner, J. (2017). Explicit and implicit admission of ignorance by Children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 159, 279–295. [Download article]
  • Arora, A., Schurz, M., & Perner, J. (2017). Systematic Comparison of Brain Imaging Meta-Analyses of ToM with vPT,” BioMed Research International, 12 pages.  doi:10.1155/2017/6875850. [Download article]



  • Schurz, M. & Perner, J. (2015). An evaluation of neurocognitive models of Theory of Mind. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. [Download article]
  • Perner, J. & Esken, F. (2015). Evolution of human cooperation in Homo Heidelbergensis: Teleology versus mentalism. Developmental Review, 38, 69-88.
    Special Issue on “Recent advances in cognitive-developmental theory”, guest editor Pierre Barrouillet. [Download article]
  • Roessler, J. & Perner, J. (2015). Pro-social cognition: helping, practical reasons, and ‘theory of mind’. Phenomenology & the Cognitive Sciences, 14, 755-767.   DOI 10.1007/s11097-015-9438-7
    Special issue on “Origins of Normativity,” edited by Glenda Satne. [Download article]
  • Perner, J., Huemer, M., & Leahy, B. (2015). Mental Files and Belief: A cognitive theory of how children represent belief and its intensionality. Cognition, 145, 77-88. [Download article]
  • Arora, A., Weiss, B., Schurz, M., Aichhorn, M., Wieshofer, A., & Perner, J. (2015). Left Inferior-Parietal Lobe Activity in Perspective Tasks: Identity statements. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:360. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00360 [Download article]
  • Schurz, M., Kronbichler, M.,  Weissengruber, S., Surtees, A., Samson, D., & Perner, J. (2015). Clarifying the role of theory of mind areas during visual perspective taking: Issues of domain-specificity and spontaneity. Neuroimage, 117, 386-396. [Download article]


  • Wimmer, H. & Perner, J. (1979). Kognitionspsychologie. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.
  • Perner, J. (1991). Understanding the representational mind. Cambridge, MA: Bradford Books/MIT-Press.   [Download book]
  • Perner, J. (forthcoming). Mental Files in Perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.