The Centre

Established in 2004 at the Paris Lodron University of Salzburg (PLUS), the Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience (CCNS) aims to advance our understanding between neural and cognitive processes. Recognizing that this essentially needs to be an interdisciplinary effort, the currently approximately 60 researchers of the CCNS are from diverse departments at the University (e.g. psychology, biology, linguistics) and the Department of Neurology at the Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg. The close link between basic and clinical researchers at the CCNS enables translational research, necessary to tackle today’s urgent health and societal challenges posed by mental and neurological disorders. The research groups at the CCNS are highly internationally recognized as underlined by strong, competitive output in terms of peer-reviewed publications and acquisition of third-party funding.

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Mission

RESEARCH FIELDS

SLEEP, COGNITION & CONSCIOUSNESS RESEARCH

Manuel Schabus & Kerstin Hödlmoser

Manuel Schabus
Kerstin Hödlmoser

The laboratory for “Sleep, Cognition, and Consciousness” works in two main domains. This includes cognition during sleep, specifically how information is consolidated over periods of sleep, in addition to understanding how new incoming information is processed during sleep in babies, the pupils and in adult sleep periods. This stream of research also includes information processing in “altered states of consciousness” and therefore focuses on the processing of stimuli before birth, in the fetus, as well as during various stages of sleep or even pathological states of consciousness such as post-comatose states. In addition to these topics, the laboratory is interested in applied sleep research and focuses on non-pharmacological ways to improve sleep from the habitual bad sleeper to the clinical insomniac.

 

 

manuel.schabus@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 5113

 

kerstin.hoedlmoser@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 5143

 

www.sleepscience.at

AUDITORY NEUROSCIENCE

Nathan Weisz

Nathan Weisz

The group is interested how the brain makes sense of sounds, also in the face of challenges such as background noise or hearing loss. This includes rehabilitation of listening in deaf individuals following cochlea implantation. Furthermore, the group tries to understand factors that lead to illusory perception of sounds, such as tinnitus.

 

nathan.weisz@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 5120

 

braindynamics.sbg.ac.at/auditory-neuroscience-group

HORMONE RESEARCH

Belinda Pletzer

Belinda Pletzer

The Hormone Research Unit (HuG-Lab) focuses on the interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system as the basis of information processing underlying human behaviour. To that end, we utilize hormone analyses and genetic analyses in combination with neurocognitive methods. For a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms, we seek to parallel our approaches in humans by animal studies. Previous and ongoing work includes studies on sex differences, hormone cycles, stress effects and hormonal contraceptives. A particular focus lies on women's health and a better understanding of the female brain.

 

belinda.pletzer@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 5184

EATING BEHAVIOUR

Jens Blechert

Jens Blechert

In the eating behavior laboratory, we are investigating why people have eating habits that do not contribute to good health. Therefore, we study whether food cravings, stress- and emotion related eating, self-reward driven eating or strict dietary restraint are contributing to unhealthy eating and overeating. We study healthy individuals but also individuals affected by overweight, obesity or eating disorders. For better understanding of these reasons for unhealthy eating, we combine laboratory-based methods (eye tracking, psychophysiology, EEG, functional neuroimaging) with naturalistic methods (ecological momentary assessment by using smartphone-based momentary questions). We also develop interventions that support healthy eating, particularly smartphone-delivered interventions in every-day life (i.e., ‘ecological momentary interventions’ or ‘just-in-time adaptive interventions’).

 

jens.blechert@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 5163

NEUROCOGNITION

Florian Hutzler & Martin Kronbichler

Florian Hutzler
Martin Kronbichler

We are primarily interested in higher cognitive functions like reading and visual cognition, decision-making, social cognitive processes, their development and disorders affecting these processes and how these higher cognitive functions are implemented in the brain. We have a strong focus and interest in the bidirectional links between behavior and brain data and how these links can advance our understanding of cognitive processes.

The group further investigates the neuronal underpinning and mechanisms of normal and disordered cognition. Our main research topics are the neurocognitive mechanism of normal reading (development) and the causation of reading disorder (i.e., developmental dyslexia), the neural correlates of decision making and pathological gambling, and the neuronal signature of psychiatric disorder such as, for example, schizophrenia. Besides (f)MRI, we study these phenomena with EEG, eye tracking and pupillometry and behavioral experiments.

 

florian.hutzler@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 5114

 

martin.kronbichler@plus.ac.at

 

 

NEUROBIOLOGY OF LANGUAGE

Dietmar Roehm

Dietmar Roehm

The research group focuses on the neurobiology of language, the way in which language is implemented by the brain. In particular, we concentrate on three main topics: a) language comprehension and the role of linguistic prediction, b) sign language and, more recently, c) multilingualism as well as L2+ learning and processing with a focus on (inter- & intra-) individual differences and across various age groups. We conduct research using electroencephalography (EEG), functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS),and behavioral techniques (e.g. eye-tracking).

 

dietmar.roehm@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 4271

MENTAL FILES

Josef Perner

Josef Perner

The group is interested in neural correlates of mental files, which provide a cognitive architecture for representing concrete objects. We focus on cases where objects are represented in different ways. The required processes find application in a great variety of areas ranging from understanding identity, mathematical equations, recognition, and theory of mind.

 

josef.perner@plus.ac.at

+43 662 8044 5124

NEUROLOGY

Eugen Trinka

EXPERIENCE THE FULL POTENTIAL.

Find the latest scientific publications of members of the CCNS, browse their contributions in the media as well as grants and third-party projects.

Publications

Comparing Object Recognition in Humans and Deep Convolutional Neural Networks -…

Comparing Object Recognition in Humans and Deep Convolutional Neural Networks - An Eye Tracking Study

Van Dyck, L. E., Kwitt, R., Denzler, S. J., & Gruber, W. R. (2021).

https://psyarxiv.com/46ctu/

Longo, F., Braun, M., Hutzler, F., & Richlan, F. (2021). Impaired semantic categorization during transcranial direct current stimulation of the left and right angular gyrus (draft version 02 August 2021)
PsyArXiv, https://psyarxiv.com/46ctu/

Eye-tracking-based visual field analysis (EFA): a reliable and precise perimetr…

Leitner, M.C., Hutzler, F., Schuster, S., Vignali, L., Marvan, P., Reitsamer, H. A., & Hawelka, S. (2021). Eye-tracking-based visual field analysis (EFA): a reliable and precise perimetric methodology for the assessment of visual field defects
BMJ Open Ophthalmology, 6:e000429. doi: 10.1136/bmjophth-2019-000429

Differential attention-dependent adjustment of frequency, power and phase in pr…

Suess, N., Hartmann, T., & Weisz, N. (2021). Differential attention-dependent adjustment of frequency, power and phase in primary sensory and frontoparietal areas. Cortex, 137, 179-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2021.01.008

Toward a hierarchical model of social cognition: A neuroimaging meta-analysis a…

Schurz, M., Radua, J., Tholen, M. G., Maliske, L., Margulies, D. S., Mars, R. B., Sallet, J. & Kanske, P., Mär 2021). Toward a hierarchical model of social cognition: A neuroimaging meta-analysis and integrative review of empathy and theory of mind. Psychological Bulletin, 147(3), 293-327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000303

Reception of health messages: effects of stigmatization and forcefulness.

Schnepper, R., Blechert, J., & Stok, F. M. (2020). Reception of health messages: effects of stigmatization and forcefulness. Journal of Public Health, fdaa233. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdaa233

Auditorische Stimulation während des Schlafs.

Schmid, S. R., Nissen, C., Riemann, D., Spiegelhalder, K., & Frase, L. (2021). Auditorische Stimulation während des Schlafs. Somnologie, 25(1), 45-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11818-020-00255-8

Does stress eat away at you or make you eat? EMA measures of stress predict day…

Reichenberger, J., Pannicke, B., Arend, A-K., Petrowski, K., & Blechert, J. (2021). Does stress eat away at you or make you eat? EMA measures of stress predict day to day food craving and perceived food intake as a function of trait stress-eating. Psychology & Health, 36(2), 129-147. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2020.1781122

Extended difficulties with counterfactuals persist in reasoning with false beli…

Rafetseder, E. M., O'Brien, C., Leahy, B., & Perner, J. (2021). Extended difficulties with counterfactuals persist in reasoning with false beliefs: Evidence for teleology-in-perspective. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 204, 105058. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2020.105058

Autistic traits and individual brain differences: functional network efficiency…

Paul, S., Arora, A., Midha, R., Vu, D., Roy, P. K. & Belmonte, M. K. (2021). Autistic traits and individual brain differences: functional network efficiency reflects attentional and social impairments, structural nodal efficiencies index systemising and theory-of-mind skills. Molecular Autism, 12(1), 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13229-020-00377-8

In the Media

Tinnitus und das "vorausschauende" Gehör

APA-Science (National), Österreich, Web

Nathan Weisz & Gianpaolo Demarchi

Mit einer Brille gegen die Folgen von Schlaganfällen

Salzburger Nachrichten (National), Österreich, Web

Michael Leitner & Stefan Hawelka

Verhütung mit Folgen. Wie die Antibabypille Gehirn & Denken beeinflusst.

Pletzer, B. (2017). Verhütung mit Folgen. Wie die Antibabypille Gehirn & Denken beeinflusst. Gehirn & Geist. https://www.spektrum.de/magazin/wie-die-antibabypille-gehirn-und-denken-beeinflusst/1457421

K.Hödlmoser & M. Leitner: Servus TV, P.M. Wissen: Kann jeder Zeichnen lernen?

K.Hödlmoser & M. Leitner: Servus TV, P.M. Wissen: Kann jeder Zeichnen lernen?

10.Juni 2021

https://www.pm-wissen.com/videos/aa-273c8mq1d1w11/

Grants

M. Ameen: Generating predictions during sleep

Projekttitel: Generating predictions during sleep
Projektleitung: Mohamed Ameen
Fördergeber: ÖAW (25478)
Bewilligte Summe: € 116.000,-
Förderzeitraum: 2019 - 2022

N. Weisz: Development of "smart CIs" to improve postoperative rehabilitation of…

Projekttitel: Development of "smart CIs" to improve postoperative rehabilitation of cochlear implant users
Projektleitung: Nathan Weisz
Fördergeber: FFG BRIDGE 1 Project in cooperation with MED-EL Medical Electronics
Bewilligte Summe: € 456.000,-
Förderzeitraum: 2019 - 2022

J. Blechert: Neuronale Mechanismen appetitiven Verhaltens

Projekttitel: Neuronale Mechanismen appetitiven Verhaltens
Projektleitung: Jens Blechert
Fördergeber: FWF (KLI 762)
Bewilligte Summe: € € 209.014,47
Förderzeitraum: 2019-2023

J. Blechert: SMARTEATER: Enhancing recovery from eating and weight disorders us…

Projekttitel:                  SMARTEATER: Enhancing recovery from eating and weight disorders using mHealth and psychological theory

Projektleitung:             Blechert J.

Fördergeber:                Europäische Union

Bewilligte Summe:       € 150.000,-

Förderzeitraum:           01/2019 – 06/2020

N. Weisz: NAPAS: Monitoring hearing-nerve activity as information source for fi…

Projekttitel:                  NAPAS: Monitoring hearing-nerve activity as information source for fitting hearing-aids

Projektleitung:             Weisz N.

Fördergeber:                Sivantos GmbH

Bewilligte Summe:       € 120.000,-

Förderzeitraum:           02/2019 – 02/2021

K. Hödlmoser: Tackling the Paradox of Sleep and Technology Through Near Peer Re…

Projekttitel:                  Tackling the Paradox of Sleep and Technology Through Near Peer Relationships

Projektleitung:             Hödlmoser K.

Fördergeber:                Jacobs Foundation

Bewilligte Summe:       € 13.224,-

Förderzeitraum:           03/2019 – 08/2020

K. Hödlmoser: How SMART is it to Go to Bed with a PHONE? – The Impact of Blue-E…

Projekttitel:                  How SMART is it to Go to Bed with a PHONE? – The Impact of Blue-Enrichted Smartphone Light Exporsure Before Falling Asleep on Sleep-Dependent Memory Consolidation in Adolescents

Projektleitung:             Hödlmoser K.

Fördergeber:                FWF

Bewilligte Summe:       € 378.908,86

Förderzeitraum:           08/2019-07/2023

B. Pletzer: Effects of hormonal contraceptives on brain and behaviour

Projekttitel:                  Effects of hormonal contraceptives on brain and behaviour (Einfluss hormoneller Verhütung auf Gehirn und Verhalten)

Projektleitung:             Pletzer B.

Fördergeber:                FWF

Bewilligte Summe:       € 405.804,-

Förderzeitraum:           09/2019 – 08/2023

B.Pletzer: BECONTRA: How Birth Control Pills affect the Female Brain

Projekttitel:                  BECONTRA: How Birth Control Pills affect the Female Brain

Projektleitung:             Pletzer B.

Fördergeber:                Europäische Union

Bewilligte Summe:       € 1.499.726,-

Förderzeitraum:           11/2019 – 10/2024

BECONTRA: How Birth Control Pills affect the Female Brain

Projekttitel: BECONTRA: How Birth Control Pills affect the Female Brain

Projektleitung: Pletzer Belinda

Fördergeber: Europäische Union

Bewilligte Summe: € 1.499.726,-

Förderzeitraum: 11/2019 – 10/2024